Myocarditis is an inflammation of the muscle tissue of the heart. Initially, the symptoms are mild and vague, with fatigue, shortness of breath, and occasional palpitations occurring. Heart failure may develop and blood clots form.
The causes of myocarditis include various infections; some conditions such as lupus or rheumatic fever; and certain drugs, particularly those used in the treatment of cancer. Treatment typically focuses upon the cause once it is discovered. The patient often requires complete bed rest and may even require oxygen. Corticosteroids may be used.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.